What Is Gum Disease?

Healthy gums
Periodontitis

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the gums and the bone that supports the teeth.

Bacteria are constantly forming a sticky film known as plaque on our teeth. If left, the bacteria builds up in the gaps between the teeth and attacks the gums which bond the teeth. This can affect one tooth or several teeth.

The collection of bacteria in the gaps between the teeth cause the gum to become swollen and the irritated gum can then create a space or ‘pocket’ beneath the tooth.

As the amount of bacteria increases, so does the depth of the pocket, causing the gums to recede and if left untreated, the pocket can become so large that teeth become loose and sometimes fall out.